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Pochakom 2022 Brain Sci

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Publications in the MiPMap
Pochakom A, Mu C, Rho JM, Tompkins TA, Mayengbam S, Shearer J (2022) Selective probiotic treatment positively modulates the microbiota-gut-brain axis in the BTBR mouse model of autism.

ยป Brain Sci 12:781. PMID: 35741667 Open Access

Pochakom Angela, Mu Chunlong,  Rho Jong M,  Tompkins Thomas A,  Mayengbam Shyamchand,  Shearer Jane (2022) Brain Sci

Abstract: Recent studies have shown promise for the use of probiotics in modulating behaviour through the microbiota-gut-brain axis. In the present study, we assessed the impact of two probiotic strains in mitigating autism-related symptomology in the BTBR T+ Itpr3tf/J mouse model of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Male juvenile BTBR mice were randomized into: (1) control, (2) Lr probiotic (1 ร— 109 CFU/mL Lacticaseibacillus rhamnosus HA-114), and (3) Ls probiotic groups (1 ร— 109 CFU/mL Ligilactobacillus salivarius HA-118) (n = 18-21/group), receiving treatments in drinking water for 4 weeks. Gut microbiota profiling by 16S rRNA showed Lr, but not Ls supplementation, to increase microbial richness and phylogenetic diversity, with a rise in potential anti-inflammatory and butyrate-producing taxa. Assessing serum and brain metabolites, Lr and Ls supplementation produced distinct metabolic profiles, with Lr treatment elevating concentrations of potentially beneficial neuroactive compounds, such as 5-aminovaleric acid and choline. As mitochondrial dysfunction is often observed in ASD, we assessed mitochondrial oxygen consumption rates in the prefrontal cortex and hippocampus. No differences were observed for either treatment. Both Lr and Ls treatment reduced behavioural deficits in social novelty preference. However, no changes in hyperactivity, repetitive behaviour, and sociability were observed. Results show Lr to impart positive changes along the microbiota-gut-brain axis, exhibiting beneficial effects on selected behaviour, gut microbial diversity, and metabolism in BTBR mice. โ€ข Keywords: Autism, Gut microbiota, Metabolism, Mitochondria, Probiotics โ€ข Bioblast editor: Plangger M โ€ข O2k-Network Lab: CA Calgary Shearer J

Labels: MiParea: Respiration  Pathology: Autism 

Organism: Mouse  Tissue;cell: Nervous system  Preparation: Permeabilized cells 

Coupling state: LEAK, OXPHOS, ET  Pathway: N, S, NS, ROX  HRR: Oxygraph-2k