Alahmad 2020 EMBO Mol Med

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Alahmad A, Nasca A, Heidler J, Thompson K, Oláhová M, Legati A, Lamantea E, Meisterknecht J, Spagnolo M, He L, Alameer S, Hakami F, Almehdar A, Ardissone A, Alston CL, McFarland R, Wittig I, Ghezzi D, Taylor RW (2020) Bi-allelic pathogenic variants in NDUFC2 cause early-onset Leigh syndrome and stalled biogenesis of complex I. EMBO Mol Med [Epub ahead of print].

» PMID: 32969598 Open Access

Alahmad Ahmad, Nasca Alessia, Heidler Juliana, Thompson Kyle, Olahova Monika, Legati Andrea, Lamantea Eleonora, Meisterknecht Jana, Spagnolo Manuela, He Langping, Alameer Seham, Hakami Fahad, Almehdar Abeer, Ardissone Anna, Alston Charlotte L, McFarland Robert, Wittig Ilka, Ghezzi Daniele, Taylor Robert W (2020) EMBO Mol Med

Abstract: Leigh syndrome is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder, most commonly observed in paediatric mitochondrial disease, and is often associated with pathogenic variants in complex I structural subunits or assembly factors resulting in isolated respiratory chain complex I deficiency. Clinical heterogeneity has been reported, but key diagnostic findings are developmental regression, elevated lactate and characteristic neuroimaging abnormalities. Here, we describe three affected children from two unrelated families who presented with Leigh syndrome due to homozygous variants (c.346_*7del and c.173A>T p.His58Leu) in NDUFC2, encoding a complex I subunit. Biochemical and functional investigation of subjects' fibroblasts confirmed a severe defect in complex I activity, subunit expression and assembly. Lentiviral transduction of subjects' fibroblasts with wild-type NDUFC2 cDNA increased complex I assembly supporting the association of the identified NDUFC2 variants with mitochondrial pathology. Complexome profiling confirmed a loss of NDUFC2 and defective complex I assembly, revealing aberrant assembly intermediates suggestive of stalled biogenesis of the complex I holoenzyme and indicating a crucial role for NDUFC2 in the assembly of the membrane arm of complex I, particularly the ND2 module.

Keywords: Leigh syndrome, NDUFC2, OXPHOS, Complex I, Mitochondrial disease Bioblast editor: Plangger M O2k-Network Lab: DE Frankfurt Wittig I


Labels: MiParea: Respiration  Pathology: Neurodegenerative 

Organism: Human  Tissue;cell: Fibroblast  Preparation: Intact cells  Enzyme: Complex I 

Coupling state: LEAK, ROUTINE, ET  Pathway: ROX  HRR: Oxygraph-2k 

2020-10