Venediktova 2020 Mitochondrion
|Venediktova NI, Mashchenko OV, Talanov EY, Belosludtseva NV, Mironova GD (2020) Energy metabolism and oxidative status of rat liver mitochondria in conditions of experimentally induced hyperthyroidism. Mitochondrion [Epub ahead of print].|
Abstract: The aim of the present work was to investigate the energy metabolism and antioxidant status of rat liver mitochondria using a model of hyperthyroidism. In experimental animals, the level of triiodothyronine and thyroxine was increased 3- and 4-fold, respectively, in comparison with that in the control group, indicating the development of hyperthyroidism in these animals. Oxygen consumption was found to be higher in rats with experimentally induced hyperthyroidism (from 20 to 60% depending on the experimental scheme used), with a slight decrease in the efficiency of oxidative phosphorylation and respiratory state ratio. It was shown for the first time that the level the respiratory complexes of the electron transport chain in hyperthyroid rats increased; however, the quantity of complexes III and V changed unreliably. The assay of respiratory chain enzymes revealed that the activities of complexes I, II, and citrate synthase increased, whereas the activities complexes II+III, III, IV decreased in liver mitochondria of the experimental animals. Alterations in the oxidative state in liver mitochondria were found: a 60% increase in the hydrogen peroxide production rate and a 45% increase in lipid peroxidation. The activities of superoxide dismutase and catalase in the liver of experimental rats were higher than in the control. At the same time, the activity of glutathione peroxidase did not change. The data obtained indicate that the known activation of metabolism and changes in the oxidative status in thyrotoxicosis are associated with variations in the respiratory chain functioning and the antioxidant enzymes of mitochondria.
Copyright © 2020. Published by Elsevier B.V.
Labels: MiParea: Respiration Pathology: Other
Organism: Rat Tissue;cell: Liver Preparation: Isolated mitochondria Enzyme: Complex I, Complex II;succinate dehydrogenase, Complex III, Complex IV;cytochrome c oxidase, Complex V;ATP synthase
Coupling state: LEAK, OXPHOS Pathway: N, NS HRR: Oxygraph-2k