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Neupane 2022 Commun Biol

From Bioblast
Publications in the MiPMap
Neupane N, Rajendran J, Kvist J, Harjuhaahto S, Hu B, Kinnunen V, Yang Y, Nieminen AI, Tyynismaa H (2022) Inter-organellar and systemic responses to impaired mitochondrial matrix protein import in skeletal muscle.

Β» Commun Biol 5:1060. PMID: 36198903 Open Access

Neupane Nirajan, Rajendran Jayasimman, Kvist Jouni, Harjuhaahto Sandra, Hu Bowen, Kinnunen Veijo, Yang Yang, Nieminen Anni I, Tyynismaa Henna (2022) Commun Biol

Abstract: Effective protein import from cytosol is critical for mitochondrial functions and metabolic regulation. We describe here the mammalian muscle-specific and systemic consequences to disrupted mitochondrial matrix protein import by targeted deletion of the mitochondrial HSP70 co-chaperone GRPEL1. Muscle-specific loss of GRPEL1 caused rapid muscle atrophy, accompanied by shut down of oxidative phosphorylation and mitochondrial fatty acid oxidation, and excessive triggering of proteotoxic stress responses. Transcriptome analysis identified new responders to mitochondrial protein import toxicity, such as the neurological disease-linked intermembrane space protein CHCHD10. Besides communication with ER and nucleus, we identified crosstalk of distressed mitochondria with peroxisomes, in particular the induction of peroxisomal Acyl-CoA oxidase 2 (ACOX2), which we propose as an ATF4-regulated peroxisomal marker of integrated stress response. Metabolic profiling indicated fatty acid enrichment in muscle, a shift in TCA cycle intermediates in serum and muscle, and dysregulated bile acids. Our results demonstrate the fundamental importance of GRPEL1 and provide a robust model for detecting mammalian inter-organellar and systemic responses to impaired mitochondrial matrix protein import and folding.

β€’ Bioblast editor: Plangger M

Labels: MiParea: Respiration, mt-Membrane, Genetic knockout;overexpression 

Organism: Mouse  Tissue;cell: Skeletal muscle  Preparation: Isolated mitochondria 

Coupling state: OXPHOS, ET  Pathway: N, NS, ROX  HRR: Oxygraph-2k