Nastasi 2024 Int J Mol Sci

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Nastasi MR, Borisov VB, Forte E (2024) Membrane-bound redox enzyme cytochrome bd-I promotes carbon monoxide-resistant Escherichia coli growth and respiration. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms25021277

Β» Int J Mol Sci 25:1277. PMID: 38279276 Open Access

Nastasi Martina R, Borisov Vitaliy B, Forte Elena (2024) Int J Mol Sci

Abstract: The terminal oxidases of bacterial aerobic respiratory chains are redox-active electrogenic enzymes that catalyze the four-electron reduction of O2 to 2H2O taking out electrons from quinol or cytochrome c. Living bacteria often deal with carbon monoxide (CO) which can act as both a signaling molecule and a poison. Bacterial terminal oxidases contain hemes; therefore, they are potential targets for CO. However, our knowledge of this issue is limited and contradictory. Here, we investigated the effect of CO on the cell growth and aerobic respiration of three different Escherichia coli mutants, each expressing only one terminal quinol oxidase: cytochrome bd-I, cytochrome bd-II, or cytochrome bo3. We found that following the addition of CO to bd-I-only cells, a minimal effect on growth was observed, whereas the growth of both bd-II-only and bo3-only strains was severely impaired. Consistently, the degree of resistance of aerobic respiration of bd-I-only cells to CO is high, as opposed to high CO sensitivity displayed by bd-II-only and bo3-only cells consuming O2. Such a difference between the oxidases in sensitivity to CO was also observed with isolated membranes of the mutants. Accordingly, O2 consumption of wild-type cells showed relatively low CO sensitivity under conditions favoring the expression of a bd-type oxidase. β€’ Keywords: Cytochrome, Enzyme inhibition, Heme, Molecular bioenergetics, Redox enzyme, Respiratory chain, Terminal oxidase β€’ Bioblast editor: Plangger M β€’ O2k-Network Lab: IT Rome Giuffre A


Labels: MiParea: Respiration 





HRR: Oxygraph-2k 

2024-01 

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