Description
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A motive entity X_{tr} is an entity involved in a transformation including spacial transfer. Motive entities (transformants) are expressed in different motive units [MU] depending on the energy transformation under study and the chosen format. Flows are defined as advancement in terms of stoichiometric motive entities per time. Isomorphic forces are partial derivatives of Gibbs energy per advancement. Ions carrying a positive charge (cations) or negative charge (anions) may be considered as a paradigm of motive entities, since Faraday did not coin but introduced the term 'ion', which is old Greek for 'going' — advancing to the cathode or anode and thus generating an electric current.
Abbreviation: X_{tr} [MU]
Reference: Gnaiger 2020 BEC MitoPathways
Communicated by Gnaiger E 2020-12-01
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- Entity, count, and number, and SI base quantities / SI base units
Quantity name Symbol Unit name Symbol Comment elementary U_{X} elementary unit [x] U_{X}, U_{B}; [x] not in SI count N_{X} elementary unit [x] N_{X}, N_{B}; [x] not in SI number N - dimensionless = N_{X}·U_{X}^{-1} amount of substance n_{B} mole [mol] n_{X}, n_{B} electric current I ampere [A] A = C·s^{-1} time t second [s] length l meter [m] SI: metre mass m kilogram [kg] thermodynamic temperature T kelvin [K] luminous intensity I_{V} candela [cd]
- Fundamental relationships
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Ergodynamics