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Mendoza-Fuentes 2023 PeerJ

From Bioblast
Publications in the MiPMap
Mendoza-Fuentes A, González-Burgos E, Aparicio Trejo OE, Delgado-Lamas G, Rodríguez-Chávez JL, Pedraza-Chaverri J, Gómez-Serranillos MP, Araiza-Olivera D (2023) The cytotoxicity effect of 7-hydroxy-3,4-dihydrocadalene from Heterotheca inuloides and semisynthetic cadalenes derivates towards breast cancer cells: involvement of oxidative stress-mediated apoptosis.

» PeerJ 11:e15586. PMID: 37361049 Open Access

Mendoza-Fuentes Alan, Gonzalez-Burgos Elena, Aparicio Trejo Omar Emiliano, Delgado-Lamas Guillermo, Rodriguez-Chavez Jose Luis, Pedraza-Chaverri Jose, Gomez-Serranillos M Pilar, Araiza-Olivera Daniela (2023) PeerJ

Abstract: Heterotheca inuloides, traditionally employed in Mexico, has demonstrated anticancer activities. Although it has been proven that the cytotoxic effect is attributed to cadinane-type sesquiterpenes such as 7-hydroxy-3,4-dihydrocadalene, the mechanism of action by which these agents act in tumor lines and their regulation remain unknown. This study was undertaken to investigate for first time the cytotoxic activity and mechanism of action of 7-hydroxy-3,4-dihydrocadalene and two semi-synthetic cadinanes derivatives towards breast cancer cells.

Cell viability and proliferation were assayed by thiazolyl blue tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay and Trypan blue dye exclusion assay. Cell migration measure was tested by wound-healing assay. Moreover, the reactive oxygen species (ROS) and lipid peroxidation generation were measured by 2',7'-dichlorofluorescein diacetate (DCFH-DA) assay and thiobarbituric acid reactive substance (TBARS) assay, respectively. Furthermore, expression of caspase-3, Bcl-2 and GAPDH were analyzed by western blot.

The results showed that 7-hydroxy-3,4-dihydrocadalene inhibited MCF7 cell viability in a concentration and time dependent manner. The cytotoxic potency of semisynthetic derivatives 7-(phenylcarbamate)-3,4-dihydrocadalene and 7-(phenylcarbamate)-cadalene was remarkably lower. Moreover, in silico studies showed that 7-hydroxy-3,4-dihydrocadalene, and not so the semi-synthetic derivatives, has optimal physical-chemical properties to lead a promising cytotoxic agent. Further examination on the action mechanism of 7-hydroxy-3,4-dihydrocadalene suggested that this natural product exerted cytotoxicity via oxidative stress as evidenced in a significantly increase of intracellular ROS levels and in an induction of lipid peroxidation. Furthermore, the compound increased caspase-3 and caspase-9 activities and slightly inhibited Bcl-2 levels. Interestingly, it also reduced mitochondrial ATP synthesis and induced mitochondrial uncoupling.

Taken together, 7-hydroxy-3,4-dihydrocadalene is a promising cytotoxic compound against breast cancer via oxidative stress-induction. Keywords: Apoptosis, Breast cancer, Cadalenes, Cytotoxicity, Oxidative stress Bioblast editor: Plangger M O2k-Network Lab: MX Mexico City Pedraza Chaverri J

Labels: MiParea: Respiration, Pharmacology;toxicology  Pathology: Cancer 

Organism: Human 

Preparation: Intact cells 

Coupling state: LEAK, ROUTINE  Pathway: ROX  HRR: Oxygraph-2k