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Menail 2023 FASEB J

From Bioblast
Publications in the MiPMap
Menail HA, Cormier SB, Lรฉger A, Robichaud S, Hebert-Chatelain E, Lamarre SG, Pichaud N (2023) Age-related flexibility of energetic metabolism in the honey bee Apis mellifera.

ยป FASEB J 37:e23222. PMID: 37781970 Open Access

Menail Hichem A, Cormier Simon B, Leger Adele, Robichaud Samuel, Hebert-Chatelain Etienne, Lamarre Simon G, Pichaud Nicolas (2023) FASEB J

Abstract: The mechanisms that underpin aging are still elusive. In this study, we suggest that the ability of mitochondria to oxidize different substrates, which is known as metabolic flexibility, is involved in this process. To verify our hypothesis, we used honey bees (Apis mellifera carnica) at different ages, to assess mitochondrial oxygen consumption and enzymatic activities of key enzymes of the energetic metabolism as well as ATP5A1 content (subunit of ATP synthase) and adenylic energy charge (AEC). We also measured mRNA abundance of genes involved in mitochondrial functions and the antioxidant system. Our results demonstrated that mitochondrial respiration increased with age and favored respiration through complexes I and II of the electron transport system (ETS) while glycerol-3-phosphate (G3P) oxidation was relatively decreased. In addition, glycolytic, tricarboxylic acid cycle and ETS enzymatic activities increased, which was associated with higher ATP5A1 content and AEC. Furthermore, we detected an early decrease in the mRNA abundance of subunits of NADH ubiquinone oxidoreductase subunit B2 (NDUFB2, complex I), mitochondrial cytochrome b (CYTB, complex III) of the ETS as well as superoxide dismutase 1 and a later decrease for vitellogenin, catalase and mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 (COX1, complex IV). Thus, our study suggests that the energetic metabolism is optimized with aging in honey bees, mainly through quantitative and qualitative mitochondrial changes, rather than showing signs of senescence. Moreover, aging modulated metabolic flexibility, which might reflect an underpinning mechanism that explains lifespan disparities between the different castes of worker bees. โ€ข Keywords: Apis mellifera carnica, Age-related metabolic flexibility, Aging, Energetic metabolism, Mitochondrial respiration โ€ข Bioblast editor: Plangger M โ€ข O2k-Network Lab: CA Moncton Hebert-Chatelain E, CA Moncton Pichaud N

Labels: MiParea: Respiration  Pathology: Aging;senescence 

Organism: Hexapods 

Preparation: Permeabilized tissue 

Coupling state: LEAK, OXPHOS, ET  Pathway: N, S, Gp, CIV, NS, ROX  HRR: Oxygraph-2k