Lomholt 1983 POS
|Lomholt JP, Johansen K (1983) The application of polarographic oxygen sensors for continuous assessment of gas exchange in aquatic animals. In: Polarographic Oxygen Sensors. Aquatic and Physiological Applications. Gnaiger E, Forstner H (eds), Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York: 127-133. Springer 127-133.|
Most aquatic invertebrates, as well as fish, depend on active ventilation of water for irrigating respiratory surfaces. These may be specialized in the form of gills or ctenidia, or be unspecialized parts of the general body surface. Movement of water may occur by active muscular pumping or by ciliary action. Typically, the passage of water across respiratory surfaces occurs in discrete channels and most commonly unidirectionally.
Labels: MiParea: Respiration
Organism: Fishes, Crustaceans
Preparation: Intact organism
Regulation: Oxygen kinetics Coupling state: ROUTINE