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Kunz 1994 Anal Biochem

From Bioblast
Publications in the MiPMap
Kunz WS, Kuznetsov AV, Winkler K, Gellerich FN, Neuhof S, Neumann HW (1994) Measurement of fluorescence changes of NAD(P)H and fluorescent flavoproteins in saponin-skinned fibers. Anal Biochem 216:322-7.

ยป PMID: 8179187

Kunz WS, Kuznetsov AV, Winkler K, Gellerich FN, Neuhof S, Neumann HW (1994) Anal Biochem

Abstract: Saponin-skinned human muscle fibers from M. vastus lateralis were immobilized in a quartz capillary to detect the fluorescence changes of NAD(P)H and of fluorescent flavoproteins. To get sufficient intense fluorescence signals from a small amount of muscle tissue the NAD(P)H fluorescence was excited by means of an HeCd laser at 325 nm and the flavoprotein fluorescence by an argon-ion laser at 454 nm or by the second wavelength of a HeCd laser at 442 nm. Using this experimental setup the fluorescence spectra of NAD(P)H, of ฮฑ-lipoamide dehydrogenase and of electron-transfer flavoprotein were detected in saponin-skinned human muscle fibers. These fibers behaved identically to isolated mitochondria: (i) The addition of substrates caused an increase in reduction of mitochondrial NAD+, (ii) the addition of ADP caused its reoxidation, and (iii) the addition of respiratory chain inhibitors led to an almost complete reduction of NAD+. It was observed that the redox state of the NAD(P) system and of the ฮฑ-lipoamide dehydrogenase reached after addition of 1 mM ADP correlates with the rate of active state respiration with NAD-dependent substrates. Therefore, this fluorimetric method is suitable to compare the mitochondrial oxidation capacities of NAD-dependent substrates in less then 5 mg wet weight muscle tissue. Moreover, the maximal changes in fluorescence of NAD(P)H and flavoproteins correlate with the amount of mitochondrial marker enzymes per milligram muscle tissue. Using this method a myopathy caused by a diminished content of mitochondria per milligram muscle tissue was observed.

โ€ข O2k-Network Lab: DE Magdeburg Gellerich FN, AT Innsbruck Oroboros

Labels: MiParea: Respiration 

Organism: Human  Tissue;cell: Skeletal muscle  Preparation: Permeabilized tissue 

Coupling state: OXPHOS 

HRR: Oxygraph-2k 

Spectrophotometry; Spectrofluorimetry