Kucharska 2000 Physiol Res

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KucharskΓ‘ J, BraunovΓ‘ Z, UlicnΓ‘ O, Zlatos L, GvozdjΓ‘kovΓ‘ A (2000) Deficit of coenzyme Q in heart and liver mitochondria of rats with streptozotocin-induced diabetes. Physiol Res 49:411-8.

Β» PMID: 11072800

Kucharska J, Braunova Z, Ulicna O, Zlatos L, Gvozdjakova A (2000) Physiol Res

Abstract: Mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative stress participate in the development of diabetic complications, however, the mechanisms of their origin are not entirely clear. Coenzyme Q has an important function in mitochondrial bioenergetics and is also a powerful antioxidant. Coenzyme Q (CoQ) regenerates alpha-tocopherol to its active form and prevents atherogenesis by protecting low-density lipoproteins against oxidation. The aim of this study was to ascertain whether the experimentally induced diabetes mellitus is associated with changes in the content of endogenous antioxidants (alpha-tocopherol, coenzymes Q9 and Q10) and in the intensity of lipoperoxidation. These biochemical parameters were investigated in the blood and in the isolated heart and liver mitochondria. Diabetes was induced in male Wistar rats by a single intravenous injection of streptozotocin (45 mg x kg(-1)), insulin was administered once a day for 8 weeks (6 U x kg(-1)). The concentrations of glucose, cholesterol, alpha-tocopherol and CoQ homologues in the blood of the diabetic rats were increased. The CoQ9/cholesterol ratio was reduced. In heart and liver mitochondria of the diabetic rats we found an increased concentration of alpha-tocopherol, however, the concentrations of CoQ9 and CoQ10 were decreased. The formation of malondialdehyde was enhanced in the plasma and heart mitochondria. The results have demonstrated that experimental diabetes is associated with increased lipoperoxidation, in spite of the increased blood concentrations of antioxidants alpha-tocopherol and CoQ. These changes may be associated with disturbances of lipid metabolism in diabetic rats. An important finding is that heart and liver mitochondria from the diabetic rats contain less CoQ9 and CoQ10 in comparison with the controls. We suppose that the deficit of coenzyme Q can participate in disturbances of mitochondrial energy metabolism of diabetic animals. β€’ Keywords: Diabetes mellitus, Mitochondria, Alpha-tocopherol, Coenzyme Q, Oxidative stress

Labels: MiParea: Instruments;methods  Pathology: Diabetes  Stress:Oxidative stress;RONS  Organism: Rat  Tissue;cell: Heart, Liver  Preparation: Isolated mitochondria 

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