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Hansen 2015 Obesity (Silver Spring)

From Bioblast
Publications in the MiPMap
Hansen M, Lund MT, Gregers E, Kraunsรธe R, Van Hall G, Helge JW, Dela F (2015) Adipose tissue mitochondrial respiration and lipolysis before and after a weight loss by diet and RYGB. Obesity (Silver Spring) 23:2022-9.

ยป PMID: 26337597

Hansen M, Lund MT, Gregers E, Kraunsoee R, Van Hall G, Helge JW, Dela F (2015) Obesity (Silver Spring)

Abstract: OBJECTIVE: To study adipose tissue mitochondrial respiration and lipolysis following a massive weight loss.

METHODS: High-resolution respirometry of adipose tissue biopsies and tracer determined whole body lipolysis. Sixteen obese patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and 27 without (OB) were studied following a massive weight loss by diet and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB).

RESULTS: The mitochondrial respiratory rates were similar in OB and T2DM, and the mass-specific oxygen flux increased significantly 4 and 18 months post-surgery (Pโ€‰<โ€‰0.05). With normalization to mitochondrial content, no differences in oxidative capacity after RYGB were seen. The ratio between the oxidative phosphorylation system capacity (P) and the capacity of the electron transfer-pathway (E) increased 18 months after RYGB in both groups (Pโ€‰<โ€‰0.05). Lipolysis per fat mass was similar in the two groups and was increased (Pโ€‰<โ€‰0.05) and lipid oxidation during hyperinsulinemia decreased 4 months post-surgery. In T2DM, visceral fat mass was always higher relative to the body fat mass (%) compared to OB.

CONCLUSIONS: Adipose tissue mitochondrial respiratory capacity increases with RYGB. Adipocytes adapt to massive weight loss by increasing the phosphorylation system ratio (P/E), suggesting an increased ability to oxidize substrates after RYGB. Lipolysis increases in the short term post-surgery, and insulin sensitivity for suppression of lipolysis increases with RYGB.

โ€ข O2k-Network Lab: DK Copenhagen Dela F, DK Copenhagen Larsen S

Labels: MiParea: Respiration, Exercise physiology;nutrition;life style, Patients  Pathology: Diabetes, Obesity 

Organism: Human  Tissue;cell: Fat  Preparation: Permeabilized tissue 

Coupling state: LEAK, OXPHOS, ET  Pathway: F, N, NS  HRR: Oxygraph-2k