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Greenway 2019 J Evol Biol

From Bioblast
Publications in the MiPMap
Greenway EVG, Cirino LA, Wilner D, Somjee U, Anagnostou ME, Hepple RT, Miller CW (2019) Extreme variation in testes size in an insect is linked to recent mating activity. J Evol Biol 33:142-50.

» PMID: 31765505

Greenway EVG, Cirino LA, Wilner D, Somjee U, Anagnostou ME, Hepple RT, Miller CW (2019) J Evol Biol

Abstract: Ample sperm production is essential for successful male reproduction in many species. The amount of sperm a male can produce is typically constrained by the size of his testes, which can be energetically expensive to grow and maintain. Whilst the economics of ejaculate allocation has been the focus of much theoretical and empirical literature, relatively little attention has been paid to individual adult variation and plasticity at the source of sperm production, the testes themselves. We experimentally address this issue using the insect Narnia femorata Stål (Hemiptera: Coreidae). We established the metabolic cost of testicular tissue, then quantified variation in individual testes mass in response to multiple mate quality and quantity treatments. We uncovered extreme variation across individuals and considerable short-term effects of mating activity on testes dry mass. Importantly, the observed variation in testes mass was associated with notable fitness consequences; females paired with males with larger testes had greater hatching success. Overall, pairing with a female resulted in a 11% reduction in dry testes mass. Despite this apparent considerable mating investment, we found no evidence of strategic allocation to higher quality females or longer-term changes in testes mass. The dynamic nature of testes mass and its metabolic cost is vital to consider in the context of re-mating rates, polyandry benefits and general mating system dynamics both in this species and more broadly.

© 2019 European Society For Evolutionary Biology. Journal of Evolutionary Biology © 2019 European Society For Evolutionary Biology. Keywords: Sperm depletion, Fertility, Insect reproduction, Mate choice, Metabolic costs, Strategic allocation Bioblast editor: Plangger M O2k-Network Lab: US FL Gainesville Hepple RT

Labels: MiParea: Respiration 

Organism: Hexapods  Tissue;cell: Genital  Preparation: Permeabilized cells 

Coupling state: LEAK, OXPHOS  Pathway: N, CIV, NS, ROX  HRR: Oxygraph-2k 

Labels, 2019-12