Dalmonte 2009 J Biol Chem

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Dalmonte ME, Forte E, Genova ML, Giuffrè A, Sarti P, Lenaz G (2009) Control of respiration by cytochrome c oxidase in intact cells: role of the membrane potential. J Biol Chem 284:32331-5.

Β» PMID: 19776013 Open Access

Dalmonte ME, Forte E, Genova ML, Giuffre A, Sarti P, Lenaz G (2009) J Biol Chem

Abstract: Metabolic control analysis was applied to intact HepG2 cells. The effect on the control coefficient of cytochrome c oxidase (CcOX) over cell respiration of both the electrical (Ξ”Οˆ) and chemical (Ξ”pH) component of the mitochondrial transmembrane proton electrochemical gradient (ΔμH+) was investigated. The overall O2 consumption and specific CcOX activity of actively phosphorylating cells were titrated with cyanide under conditions in which Ξ”Οˆ and Ξ”pH were selectively modulated by addition of ionophores. In the absence of ionophores, CcOX displayed a high control coefficient (CIV = 0.73), thus representing an important site of regulation of mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation. A high control coefficient value (CIV = 0.85) was also measured in the presence of nigericin, i.e. when Ξ”Οˆ is maximal, and in the presence of nigericin and valinomycin (CIV = 0.77), when ΔμH+ is abolished. In contrast, CcOX displayed a markedly lower control coefficient (CIV = 0.30) upon addition of valinomycin, when Ξ”Οˆ is converted into Ξ”pH. These results show that Ξ”Οˆ is responsible for the tight control of CcOX over respiration in actively phosphorylating cells. β€’ Keywords: Nigericin, Valinomycin, Cytochrome C oxidase, Membrane potential

β€’ O2k-Network Lab: IT Rome Sarti P, IT Bologna Lenaz G, IT Bologna Genova ML


Organism: Human, Rat  Tissue;cell: Liver  Preparation: Intact cells  Enzyme: Complex IV;cytochrome c oxidase 

HRR: Oxygraph-2k 

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