Cruz-Gregorio 2019 Biomolecules
|Cruz-Gregorio A, Aranda-Rivera AK, Aparicio-Trejo OE, Coronado-Martinez I, Pedraza-Chaverri J, Lizano M (2019) E6 oncoproteins from high-risk human papillomavirus induce mitochondrial metabolism in a head and neck squamous cell carcinoma model. Biomolecules 9:E351.|
Abstract: Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) cells that are positive for human papillomavirus (HPV+) favor mitochondrial metabolism rather than glucose metabolism. However, the involvement of mitochondrial metabolism in HNSCC HPV+ cells is still unknown. The aim of this work was to evaluate the role of E6 oncoproteins from HPV16 and HPV18 in the mitochondrial metabolism in an HNSCC model. We found that E6 from both viral types abates the phosphorylation of protein kinase B-serine 473 (pAkt), which is associated with a shift in mitochondrial metabolism. E6 oncoproteins increased the levels of protein subunits of mitochondrial complexes (I to IV), as well as the ATP synthase and the protein levels of the voltage dependent anion channel (VDAC). Although E6 proteins increased the basal and leak respiration, the ATP-linked respiration was not affected, which resulted in mitochondrial decoupling. This increase in leak respiration was associated to the induction of oxidative stress (OS) in cells expressing E6, as it was observed by the fall in the glutathione/glutathione disulfide (GSH/GSSG) rate and the increase in reactive oxygen species (ROS), carbonylated proteins, and DNA damage. Taken together, our results suggest that E6 oncoproteins from HPV16 and HPV18 are inducers of mitochondrial metabolism.
• Keywords: DNA damage, HNSCC, HPV16 and HPV18 E6 oncoproteins, Cellular respiration, Mitochondrial decoupling, Mitochondrial metabolism, Oxidative phosphorylation, Oxidative stress • Bioblast editor: Plangger M • O2k-Network Lab: MX Mexico City Pedraza Chaverri J
Labels: MiParea: Respiration Pathology: Cancer
Organism: Human Tissue;cell: Endothelial;epithelial;mesothelial cell Preparation: Intact cells
Coupling state: LEAK, ROUTINE Pathway: CIV, ROX HRR: Oxygraph-2k