Courtes 2020 Brain Res Bull
|Courtes AA, Gonçalves DF, Hartmann DD, da Rosa PC, Cassol G, Royes LFF, de Carvalho NR, Soares FAA (2020) Guanosine protects against behavioural and mitochondrial bioenergetic alterations after mild traumatic brain injury. Brain Res Bull [Epub ahead of print].|
Courtes Aline Alves, Goncalves Debora Farina, Hartmann Diane Duarte, da Rosa Pamela Carvalho, Cassol Gustavo, Royes Luiz Fernando Freire, de Carvalho Nelson Rodrigues, Soares Felix Alexandre Antunes (2020) Brain Res Bull
Abstract: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) constitutes a heterogeneous cerebral insult induced by traumatic biomechanical forces. Mitochondria play a critical role in brain bioenergetics, and TBI induces several consequences related with oxidative stress and excitotoxicity clearly demonstrated in different experimental model involving TBI. Mitochondrial bioenergetics alterations can present several targets for therapeutics which could help reduce secondary brain lesions such as neuropsychiatric problems, including memory loss and motor impairment. Guanosine (GUO), an endogenous neuroprotective nucleoside, affords the long-term benefits of controlling brain neurodegeneration, mainly due to its capacity to activate the antioxidant defense system and maintenance of the redox system. However, little is known about the exact protective mechanism exerted by GUO on mitochondrial bioenergetics disruption induced by TBI. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate the effects of GUO in brain cortical and hippocampal mitochondrial bioenergetics in the mild TBI model. Additionally, we aimed to assess whether mitochondrial damage induced by TBI may be related to behavioral alterations in rats. Our findings showed that 24 h post-TBI, GUO treatment promotes an adaptive response of mitochondrial respiratory chain increasing oxygen flux which it was able to protect against the uncoupling of oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) induced by TBI, restored the respiratory electron transfer system (ETS) established with an uncoupler. Guanosine treatment also increased respiratory control ratio (RCR), an indicator of the state of mitochondrial coupling, which is related to the mitochondrial functionality. In addition, mitochondrial bioenergetics failure was closely related with locomotor, exploratory and memory impairments. The present study suggests GUO treatment post mild TBI could increase GDP endogenous levels and consequently increasing ATP levels promotes an increase of RCR increasing OXPHOS and in substantial improve mitochondrial respiration in different brain regions, which, in turn, could promote an improvement in behavioral parameters associated to the mild TBI. These findings may contribute to the development of future therapies with a target on failure energetic metabolism induced by TBI.
Labels: MiParea: Respiration, Pharmacology;toxicology Pathology: Other
Organism: Rat Tissue;cell: Nervous system Preparation: Homogenate
Coupling state: LEAK, OXPHOS, ET Pathway: N, S, NS, ROX HRR: Oxygraph-2k